Arthritis in the knee is a common condition that can cause pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility. Here’s an overview of its symptoms, causes, and treatment options:


  • Pain: Persistent knee pain, especially during movement or weight-bearing activities, is a hallmark symptom of knee arthritis.
  • Stiffness: The knee may feel stiff, particularly after periods of inactivity or upon waking up in the morning.
  • Swelling: Inflammation of the knee joint can lead to swelling, which may be accompanied by warmth and redness.
  • Limited Range of Motion: Arthritis can restrict the knee’s range of motion, making it difficult to fully bend or straighten the leg.
  • Instability: Some individuals may experience a feeling of instability or weakness in the knee, which can affect balance and mobility.


  • Osteoarthritis: This is the most common type of arthritis affecting the knee. It occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones wears down over time, leading to pain and stiffness.
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis: An autoimmune disease that causes inflammation in the lining of the joints, including the knee. It can result in pain, swelling, and joint damage.
  • Post-Traumatic Arthritis: Arthritis can develop following a knee injury, such as a fracture or ligament tear. The damage to the joint can lead to the development of arthritis over time.
  • Other Types: Other forms of arthritis, such as gout or psoriatic arthritis, can also affect the knee joint.


  • Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers like acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help alleviate pain and inflammation. In some cases, prescription medications or corticosteroid injections may be recommended.
  • Physical Therapy: A physical therapist can design a personalized exercise program to strengthen the muscles around the knee, improve flexibility, and reduce pain.
  • Weight Management: Maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce stress on the knee joint and alleviate symptoms of arthritis.
  • Assistive Devices: Using supportive devices such as braces, orthotics, or walking aids can help stabilize the knee and reduce pain during activities.
  • Injections: In addition to corticosteroid injections, other types of injections such as hyaluronic acid or platelet-rich plasma (PRP) may be recommended to provide pain relief and improve joint function.
  • Surgery: In severe cases where conservative treatments fail to provide relief, surgical options such as arthroscopy, osteotomy, or knee replacement surgery may be considered to repair or replace damaged joint tissues.

It’s important to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan tailored to your individual needs and condition severity. Early intervention and management can help slow the progression of knee arthritis and improve your quality of life.

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